By Toshiyuki Kumashiro

This quantity represents the 1st accomplished paintings on eastern clause constitution carried out in the framework of Cognitive Grammar. the writer proposes schematic conceptual buildings for the key buildings within the language and defines jap case marking and grammatical kinfolk in basically conceptual phrases. The paintings therefore makes a powerful case for the conceptual foundation of grammar, thereby constituting a powerful argument opposed to the autonomy of syntax speculation of Generative Grammar.
The quantity may be of curiosity to any researcher wishing to grasp how Cognitive Grammar, whose basic concentration has been at the non-syntactic facets of language, can clarify the clausal constitution of a given language in a close, accomplished, but unifying demeanour. as well as its theoretical findings, the quantity features a variety of revealing analyses and interpretations of eastern info, which might be of serious curiosity to all jap linguists, regardless of their theoretical persuasions.

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2 above), given their Chapter 1. 13 Alternate canonical-event model prevalence over the direct interrelation, which serves as the basis for the action chain (cf. 1 above). 13. In this model, instead of an action chain involving two entities, only one entity is depicted which engages in the prototypical relationship of movement. 9 above) are accorded different degrees of prominence and are selected as primary and secondary figures. Relational participants with accorded prominence are found not only at the lexical level but at all levels of organization.

Hahaoya-ga kodomo-o shikat-te ø naita. ’ b. Kodomo-ga sowatsui-te hahaoya-ga ø shikatta. ’ (i-a) and (i-b) are the grammatical, non-subject honorification counterparts of the ungrammatical (2b) and (2c) above, respectively. The two sentences express deference to sensei, marked with the accusative o in (i-a) and the dative ni in (i-b), by humbling the action taken by the subject Taroo. The term “honorification” and the symbol “hon” refer to “subject” honorification throughout the present work, unless otherwise noted.

Instead, the theory adopts a subjectivist or conceptualist view of meaning that incorporates construal, which allows one to characterize semantic differences attributable to alternate ways of viewing the same conceptual content as described by truth conditions. It is not the case at all, however, that just any descriptive construct is allowed in cognitive grammar. On the contrary, the theory adopts the stringent content requirement, which rigorously restricts the descriptive constructs that are allowed in the theory (Langacker 1987a: 53–54): (7) Content requirement [T]he only structures permitted in the grammar of a language (or among the substantive specifications of universal grammar) are (1) phonological, semantic, or symbolic structures that actually occur in linguistic expressions; (2) schemas for such structures; (3) categorizing relationships involving the elements in (1) and (2).

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