By University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin

Including half 1 of an identical grammar (Sources, Script and Phonology, Lexicon and Nominals), this two-volume set represents the main distinctive and exhaustive description ever performed of any language, together with jap of the outdated jap language of the Yamato quarter throughout the Asuka Nara interval. It provides 1000's of examples drawn not just from the foremost outdated jap texts similar to the Man'yoshu, the Senmyo, the Kojiki kayo and the Nihonshoki kayo but additionally from all minor extant texts equivalent to the Fudoky kayo, the Bussoku seki ka, and others. additionally it is comparative fabric from japanese outdated eastern as soon as spoken within the region approximately resembling present-day southern Chubu and Kanto areas, in addition to from Ryukyuan and infrequently from different surrounding languages. half 2 is followed via exhaustive and cumulative indexes to either volumes, together with separate indexes on all grammatical varieties defined, linguistic kinds, own names, in addition to an index of all outdated jap texts which are used as examples within the description.

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Additional resources for A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old Japanese: Part 2: Adjectives, Verbs, Adverbs, Conjunctions, Particles, Postpositions

Sample text

Neither Pre-OJ *ai or *ia were subject to raising, as we well know, since they resulted in WOJ /e[y]/ and /[y]e/ respectively. ADDITIONS TO PART 1 425 tune sir-an-u MYITI-no NANKA te-wo kure-kure to ika n-i ka yuk-am-u usual know-NEG-ATTR road-GEN long place-ACC dark-dark DV how DV-INF PT go-TENT-ATTR How would [I] go along the full length of the road that [I] normally do not know, being in a dark [mood]? regrettable [I] want my beloved to be a jewel! Although [I] would go wrapping [him] around my arm and looking at [him], [it] is regrettable if [I] go leaving [him] (MYS XVII: 3990) The variant yuk- rules supreme in Western Old Japanese: there are only two examples of ik- attested phonetically and in identical contexts.

5 on the tendency to use the extended stems ware and nare for plural usage). The second person pronoun ore clearly functions as a pejorative pronoun. This is probably the reason why it is not attested in poetic texts. Q;'o*8H±-7$ ,,@,II'R-T0. : the master of the great land) (KJK I: 30a) Susanowo speaking to Gpo kuni nusi who eloped with the daughter of the fonner. m~fr*~*~N~~ifit~=*~w~A OPO TONO-NO UTI-NI PA TUKUR-I-TUKAPEY-MATUR-U PA ore [ni Nsi ion] MANTU IR-I great palace-GEN inside-LOC TOP make-INF-serve(INF)-HUMATTR TOP you [these two characters by sound] first enter-INF you will enter first into the great palace that [you] have built (KJK II: 5b) Retainers of the emperor Jinmu speaking to the person who plotted to kill the emperor.

IX was read Isol and I think that this word should be read as kyiso in Western Old Japanese as well. ADDITIONS TO PART 1 ongana:lC kungana: ,~ , 1v + lbJ); ~ ~ disyllabic: ~ [taka] [taka] Nta Nti Ntu Nte Ntwo Nt6 na m nu ne nwo no 1~ 417 418 GRAMMAR OF WESTERN OLD JAPANESE kungana: ' pu pye pey ongana: ~ p' ;jlf {~F ~ kun ana: F ** ongana: 1iMi)JI~~ kungana: ~ FI'I' § disyllabic: ~ [maNka, maNku] ongana: ~\ ill kungana: -=. 1&P ~ miy ongana: 7T, kun ana: ~ ~ 7K $ ADDITIONS TO PART 1 rnu ongana: 4=~7f, kungana: -J:\ rnye rney rnwo rno rno ya yu ye ywo yo ra n ru ongana: re rwo ro wa ongana: t" It 419 420 GRAMMAR OF WESTERN OLD JAPANESE kungana: WI we wo IMPORTANT NOTE ON WESTERN OLD JAPANESE PHONOLOGY It is traditionally believed that Western Old Japanese had the [VjCVCVCV...

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