By Van de Velde, Mark L.O.

A Grammar of Eton is the 1st description of the Cameroonian Bantu language Eton. it's also one of many few whole descriptions of a North-western Bantu language. The complicated tonology of Eton is thoroughly analysed and awarded in an easy and constant descriptive framework, which allows the reader to maintain tune of Eton's many tonal morphemes. Phonologists might be particularly attracted to the research of stem preliminary prominence, which manifests itself in a couple of logically self sufficient phenomena, together with size of the onset consonant, phonotactic skewing and variety of tonal attachment websites. Typologists and Africanists engaged on morphosyntax will locate valuable analyses of, between others, gender and contract; demanding, element, temper and negation; and verbal derivation. they are going to come across many morphosyntactic ameliorations among Eton and the higher recognized jap and Southern Bantu languages, frequently because of evolutions formed by way of maximality constraints on stems. The chapters on clause constitution and intricate structures offer info rarely present in resources at the languages of the zone, together with descriptions of non-verbal clauses, concentration, quasi-auxiliaries and adverbial clauses.

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Extra info for A Grammar of Eton (Cameroon) (Mouton De Gruyter Library)

Sample text

22 seconds on average. Table 6. 08 l n m The spectrogram of the nonsense noun /Ų‫ڮ‬-nànà/ in Figure 1 shows the difference in length between a prominent and a non-prominent /n/. In this example, the length and intensity of both stem vowels are more or less equal. This is not always the case. The second stem vowel is often reduced in intensity, especially when it is not followed by a pause. In contrast, the clear difference in length of prominent versus non-prominent consonants is exceptionless.

Fortunately, there is a rather large community of Eton native speakers in Belgium, so that I could consult native speakers at all times. Most recordings were transcribed with the help of Pie-Claude Ondobo, who learned to use the spelling. Usually, PieClaude first made a provisional transcription with a free translation and then we listened to the recording together. I compared Pie-Claude’s transcription with what I heard and we made corrections where necessary. This method allowed me to immediately elicit systematic data on new or problematic constructions encountered in the text.

Elsewhere, their phonological status is lexically determined. 3 (3) /tÞ‫ڟ‬g/ ~ /tóg/ ‘spoon’ The front vowels /e/ and /Ų/ alternate freely in prefixes. 2). Treating them as three different phonemes is the simplest of a number of alternative analyses, even though the phonological status of schwa cannot be proved by means of minimal pairs. The front vowel of the second degree /e/ is rare. It was found only in monosyllabic stems, usually in closed word classes. There is a phonological opposition between long and short vowels.

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