By Kenneth Shields

This publication explores the foundation and evolution of significant grammatical different types of the Indo-European verb, together with the markers of individual, stressful, quantity, point, and temper. Its valuable thesis is that lots of those markers could be traced to unique deictic debris that have been included into verbal buildings to be able to point out the 'hic and nunc' and numerous levels of remoteness from the 'hic and nunc'. The adjustments to which those deictic components have been topic are seen right here within the context of an Indo-European language very assorted from Brugmannian Indo-European, many beneficial properties of which, it truly is argued, seemed basically within the interval of dialectal improvement. This publication demanding situations a number of conventional proposals concerning the Indo-European verb; all reconstructions contained in it are firmly according to extant info and are consonant with verified rules of linguistic switch.

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M8sl),"-mos (lat. -mus). "-mes (dor. -mes), "-men (gr. -men), "-men I (heth. -ten;), "-tes (Iat. -tis). a. i" I, 70 71 INDO-EUROPEAN VERB MORPHOLOGY NON-SINGULAR CATEGORY In order to understand the origin of these suffixes and similar ones, and to establish their relationship with the third person non-singular, it is instructive to begin with a discussion of the Greek fIrst person plural suffIx -men. The origin of the n-element of this suffix has been a persistent problem in historical Indo-European linguistics.

Of course, the contamination of the *-(elo)N suffix and *-ti served to hypercharacterize the third person function of the former desinence and to extend the primary/secondary dichotomy to the third person plural_ Now although Schmalstieg (1974:190) makes the reasonable proposal that the nasal element of the third person plural ending is a non-singular marker, it may have had a different original function. It could represent an original deictic particle with 'there and then' signification which only later came to be reanalyzed as a non-singular desinence.

Mid. -meth8 < "-methfll" (1979:109). After documenting that "a 2 pI. ending can be tacked onto a 1 pI. ending", as in the Cypriote Greek suffix -mente « -mem-te) and Russian imperative constructions like pOjdemte « pojdem + -tel "let's go", Cohen (1979:109-110) argues that "-methfll represents a -contamination of the Indo-European first person plural ending "-me and the zero-grade form of the second person plural ending "-dh wom (see Cohen [1979] for details). But although Cohen (1975) does present evidence that a suffix of the second person plural can be analogically extended within a verbal paradigm to the first person plural, when one considers such analogical extensions of personal markers, one naturally thinks of Benveniste's assertion (1971b) that in the singular it is the third person "which will tend to impose its form on the rest of the paradigm, irrespective of the form of [ ...

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