By A. R. Disney

The dominion of Portugal used to be created as a derivative of the Christian Reconquest of Hispania. with out geographical raison d'être and no noticeable political roots in its Roman, Germanic, or Islamic pasts, it for lengthy remained a small, suffering realm on Europe's outer fringe. Then, within the early 15th century, this not likely springboard for Western enlargement unexpectedly started to gather an empire of its personal, ultimately extending greater than midway worldwide. The heritage of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire, drawing quite on historic scholarship postdating the 1974 Portuguese Revolution, bargains readers a complete review and reinterpretation of ways all this occurred - the 1st such account to seem in English for greater than a iteration. quantity I issues the historical past of Portugal itself from pre-Roman instances to the climactic French invasion of 1807, and quantity II lines the historical past of the Portuguese in another country empire.

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Extra info for A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire: From Beginnings to 1807 (Volume 1)

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Segovia’s elite probably dominated the whole area, imposing tribute on the general population in kind and service in return for protection. While the economy of Santa Eulalia was a mixed one combining hunting, agricultural, pastoral, mining and trading activities, it seems the latifundium had already emerged as the principal form of rural enterprise. Some wheat was grown, and probably exported; but the emphasis was on sheep, cattle, pigs and horses. Wool was spun locally, then probably sent on to Alca´cer do Sal to be woven into cloth for which that town had become renowned.

In early Neolithic times, these settlements were often located in unprotected 5 Zvelebil M and Rowly-Conwy P 1986, p 88; Arnaud J M 1993, pp 173, 182. 8 A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire open country; but later, especially in the south, naturally defensive sites were commonly selected, usually in ridge-top locations. Many communities built striking monuments of stone known as megaliths – characteristic symbols of the Neolithic. The origins of megalith-building have long been debated.

By 197 BC, two Roman provinces had been created in Spain – Hispania Citerior (Nearer Spain), which consisted roughly of the Ebro valley, Valencia and Murcia, and Hispania Ulterior (Further Spain) comprising essentially Andalusia, 1 Livy 1919–35 vol 5, pp 127, 169. 20 The Roman Experience 21 but later extending west to the River Guadiana. Early Roman administration of these provinces was predatory: gold, silver and copper; wheat, wine and olives; recruits and slaves – all were siphoned off to Rome.

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